Scrum can be traced back to war production during World War II in the US through Toyota’s production model and even more their product development model from then on to “The new-new product development game” by Hirotaka Takeuchi and Ikujiro Nonaka in the mid 80’s.
In the early 1990’s Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber developed independently methods which resulted in the creation of Scrum. In 1995 Sutherland and Schwaber presented Scrum to the public in a joint paper at OOPSLA, absolutely nothing happened. In the following years Sutherland and Schwaber worked together on developing Scrum further to the Scrum we know today. Mike Needle and Ken Schwaber wrote the seminal book “Agile Software Development with SCRUM” in 2001.
The word Scrum was first used by Takeuchi and Nonaka in the 1986 “The New New Product Developement Game“, where they compare the highly productive cross-functional development Teams with the scrum formation know from rugby.
Jeff Sutherland co-developer of Scrum together with Ken Schwaber in the early 1990’s. He is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto. His website: http://jeffsutherland.com/
Ken Schwaber co-developer of Scrum together with Jeff Sutherland – they started in the early 1990’s. He is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto and the founder of AgileAlliance – a non-profit organization which has as their mission to create agile software. He also founded ScrumAlliance – en non-profit organization to spread the awareness of Scrum
Ken Schwaber has published three books about Scrum: Agile Software Development with Scrum, Agile Project Management with Scrum, og The Enterprise and Scrum. His website: www.scrum.org.
Boris Gloger is a German Scrum Trainer he has a degree in philosophy and sociology. He began working with Scrum projects in 2003 became Certified Scrum Trainer in 2004 as the first European and has now held Scrum course all over the world. His website: www.borisgloger.com
Alistair Cockburn is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto.
He is a recognized project wizard and IT strategist. His personal philosophy is: “Computers must support the way in which people naturally and comfortably work, for job satisfaction and for organizational survival. I am committed to speeding this by improving human-computer communication, programming methods and development tools.” His website: http://alistair.cockburn.us
Ward Cunningham is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto. He is founder of Cunningham & Cunningham, Inc. now he holds the position as technical director at AboutUs. He is well known for his involvement in developing object oriented programming. His website: http://c2.com/~ward/
Martin Fowler is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto. He has especially worked with object oriented analysis and design, UML and agile software development. He works for ThoughtWorks. His website: http://martinfowler.com/
Jim Highsmith is one of the signatories of the Agile Manifesto. Developer of “Adaptive Software Development”. His website: http://www.jimhighsmith.com/index.html
Mary Poppendieck – the agile grand old lady. She has published: Lean Software Development: An Agile Toolkit (2003) og Implementing Lean Software Development: From Concept to Cash (2006 – together with her husband Tom). Her website: www.poppendieck.com